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5G makes a host of new applications possible. What is the technology behind 5G and what is the big difference with the 4G network?
5 generations of mobile telecommunications in chronological order
The difference between 5G and 4G
Like 4G, 5G uses radio technology. The big difference between the two is the higher frequency 5G uses, a difference that goes way beyond an extra G. While 4G antennas transmit radio waves across the entire neighbourhood, a 5G antenna sends data straight to the user’s device through targeted beams. Thanks to these technical characteristics, 5G is at least 10 times more powerful than 4G in several respects.
10 x faster
The 5G network can transmit data much faster by using a higher frequency. In reality, 5G is 10 to 100 times faster than 4G. With speeds of up to 20 Gbps, you can download not only films but also large volumes of business data such as BIM or GIS to your smartphone in the blink of an eye.
40 x less latency
The 5G network has less latency than 4G. Latency is, for instance, the amount of time that elapses between the moment you click on a video and the moment it actually starts playing. Among other applications, less latency is essential for self-driving vehicles because they must be able to react instantly to information coming in over the network. At 5ms, 5G latency is approximately 40 times less than that of 4G.
10 x higher connection density
While 4G supports a maximum of 100,000 connected devices per square kilometre, connection density with 5G is more than 10 times higher. A 5G network supports up to 1,000,000 devices over the same surface area, making large industrial IoT applications and extensive sensor networks possible.
10 x more energy efficient
5G uses 10 times less energy than 4G per transmitted byte of data. For intensive mobile data users, this higher energy efficiency results in longer battery life.
10 x more flexible
With a 4G network, every user has the same range of possibilities. Thanks to network slicing, you can have your own virtual 5G network, tailored to your needs. For instance, you can have guaranteed bandwidth for security cameras, minimum latency for drones or a specific QoS (Quality of Service) for services over the network. This way you can use the mobile network to maximum advantage.